children looking at globe

Read about the UK, then do the exercises to help you practise your reading in English.


Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises.

Reading text

Some British people say that they are from Great Britain. Other British people say they are from the UK. Some say they are from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. What do you know about these different places?

England, Scotland and Wales are on an island in the north-west of Europe called Great Britain. Great Britain together with Northern Ireland is called the United Kingdom, or UK.

Map of the UK


England is the largest part of the UK. Its name comes from people called the Angles, who came from Germany 1500 years ago. About 56 million people live in England and the capital city is London.


Scotland is in the north of Britain. Over 5 million people live in Scotland. The highest mountain in the UK is in Scotland. It is called Ben Nevis and is 1,345 metres high. The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh but the largest city of Glasgow.


Wales is in the west of Britain. About 3 million people live there and about 20 per cent of them speak Welsh. Welsh is one of the oldest languages in Europe. The Welsh flag has a picture of a dragon! The capital of Wales is Cardiff.

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is a part of Ireland, an island west of Britain. Nearly 2 million people live there. The Giant's Causeway is a popular tourist attraction. There are huge rocks made by lava from a volcano, but an old story says that a giant built it! The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.

Fun facts

  • The UK flag is called the 'Union Jack'.
  • The UK is the only country in the world with four national football teams.


What country do you live in? Tell us some interesting facts about your country!

Average: 5 (11 votes)


Submitted by StrongAmethyst9999 (not verified) on Sat, 21/08/2021 - 08:39

I live in Sri Lanka. It is a country in South Asia. Sri Lanka exports 11.3% of tea leaves. Volleyball is the national sport of Sri Lanka. There are two official languages spoken in Sri lanka and they are Sinhala and Tamil. Sri Lanka is blessed with lots of wildlife. The flag of Sri Lanka is one of the world's oldest flag. Sri lanka has many tourist attractions and the famous one is 'the Sigiriya' ( Lion Rock )

Submitted by MissBikePiano on Fri, 20/08/2021 - 09:14

I live in Saudi arabia .. yes we have a lots intresting fact for my country but i dont no how to say it .

Submitted by CaptainMesozoi… on Fri, 25/06/2021 - 09:21

i live in poland. my country is very old and beautiful. we have sea, mountains, and a lot beautiful sights!

Submitted by LadyGreyParty on Wed, 18/11/2020 - 17:23

I live in Denmark. Our national animal is the swan. The great storyteller HC Andersen wrote a beautiful tale about the swan.

Submitted by DoctorAthleteJasmine on Tue, 06/10/2020 - 15:55

I want to go Saudia Arabia, Turkey, Morocco, Chad, Malaizia, Iran and Irak

Submitted by DoctorAthleteJasmine on Tue, 06/10/2020 - 15:48

Hi RedRap Tennis, I'am from Azerbaijan.

Submitted by RubyCushionGarden on Sun, 30/08/2020 - 09:51

I live in China, we have 56 nationalities, each one have their own language, food and beautiful ethnic clothes.

Submitted by EmeraldFairyGrass on Thu, 23/07/2020 - 14:36

it is my dream to go to Paris

Submitted by QueenCreamBamboo on Wed, 08/07/2020 - 12:11

At that facts file i think i will like the english

Submitted by GreenRose300 on Fri, 26/06/2020 - 19:18

I live in France! the capital of France is Paris, with the Eiffel Tower, Louvre, the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris, and and even more, Do you know those?

Submitted by SapphireFire3000 on Fri, 03/04/2020 - 17:56

In Argentina, there are so many traditional languages and things. Do you know what's "tango"? Do you know anything about guaraní?

Submitted by KingT-RexFlute on Fri, 03/04/2020 - 08:29

My country is greece.It is so beautiful and intreresting.

Submitted by OpalCrabWagon on Fri, 04/10/2019 - 17:19

It is very interesting that there are so many ways to say U K.

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